Heart-shaped, alternate, velvety leaves have long stalks and a distinct odor when crushed. As the Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti, is a common weed in agricultural fields, but also occurs in gardens and in disturbed sites, such as along roadsides and beside railroad tracks, throughout much of the U.S., and parts of Wisconsin. When the leaves are softened, they can be used a remedy for ulcers. pie-maker. Processing  : Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) seed. "Velvetleaf [Abutilon Theophrasti] has been grown in China since around 2000 BCE for its strong, jute-like fibre. In order to disperse the seeds for reproduction, each carpel in the plant is opened with a vertical slit along the outer edge. A. megapotamicum grows near the Rio Grande. Pestic Biochem Physiol: 2020, 170;104684 (from The Plant List) Vernacular names [ edit specified wikidata 'Abutilon theophrasti'] English : velvetleaf, china jute. (In use by NZOR) Taxon Concept NZOR Concept Id 4d95b580-4e8c-4212-9eed-2395048a89d0 ... Common Names of Plants in New Zealand. Abutilon abutilon (L.) Rusby : Abutilon avicennae Gaertn. Cultivated as a source of fiber and oil; it has escaped cultivation invading orchards, cotton, corn, soybeans, and vegetable fields causing serious damage. Velvet Leaf is a commercial failure but a successful foreign invader. Sida abutilon L. Sida tenax Salisb. Common Name: Velvetleaf. [3], It has flowers that are yellow; they grow up to an inch in diameter with five petals attached at the base. Fields, roadsides, fencerows, gardens, vacant lots, and other disturbed ground. Homonyms Abutilon theophrasti Medik. It is a particular problem in corn and soybean files in the eastern and midwestern U.S., costing hundreds of millions of dollars per year in control and damage. [5], Velvetleaf has been grown in China since around 2000 BCE for its strong, jute-like bast fibre. Family. The alternate leaves are up to 8" long and across (excluding the petioles). The seeds are eaten in China and Kashmir." Abutilon theophrasti, Velvet leaf or Chinese jute is an annual plant of the genus Abutilon Mill. [11], Since being introduced to North America in the 18th century, velvetleaf has become an invasive species in agricultural regions of the eastern and midwestern United States. [PubMed:32414421] Abutilon theophrasti. Abutilon theophrasti is one of the worst agricultural weeds in North America, yet it has not reached that status in California in the 80 yr since it was first reported. : Common Name: velvetleaf: Habitat: Cultivated ground, roadsides, and disturbed soils. Abutilon theophrasti (velvetleaf, velvet plant, velvetweed, Chinese jute, China jute, crown weed, buttonweed, lantern mallow, butterprint, pie-marker, or Indian mallow) is an annual plant in the family Malvaceae, native to southern Asia. Abutilon theophrasti Medicus: Common Name: Velvet Leaf; Indian Mallow; Butter Print: Habitat: Disturbed sites. Abutilon theophrasti. [PubMed:32980064] J Environ Sci Health B: 2020;1-7 For successful germination of the seeds, the temperature must range between 24-30 °C. Weed Seed: Abutilon theophrasti (Velvetleaf) Family. J Agric Food Chem: 2020; Slightly radial prolated. Abutilon tiliifolium (Fisch.) Authority. Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Abutilon theophrasti'] English : velvetleaf, china jute , velvetleaf, velvetweed, Chinese jute العربية : أبو طيلون ابن سينا Habit. Application - has vernacular Full Name Indian mallow Name Id d7f9fb07-ba4f-4026-86f0-ab324183f3c1 According To Sida abutilon L. Common Name(s): velvetleaf [English] butterprint [English] buttonweed [English] Indian mallow [English] velvetleaf Indian mallow [English] China jute [English] Indian hemp [English] pie-marker [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted (from The Plant List) Sida tenax Salisb. Regulation. From there Abutilon theophrasti made its way nearly everywhere on earth. Abutilon theophrasti. Ideal soil pH for velvetleaf is between 6.1 and 7.8, depending on location. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Cells of endosperm and cotyledons containing fatty oil droplets and aleurone grains, cells of cotyledons also containing a few of fine clusters of calcium oxalate. Scientific Name: Chinese Name (pinyin): Qingmazi Chinese Name : Common Name :Chingma Abutilon Seed Specific Name : Semen abutili Scientific Name: Collection : The fruit is collected in autumn when ripe, dried in the sun and the seed is gathered, removed from foreign matters. Foto n. 198103 - Cencio molle (Abutilon theophrasti) Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Comune di Porto Tolle, lungo gli argini del Po di Goro presso la località Cà Vendramin. (from The Plant List) Side abutila St.-Lag. [DOI] pie-maker. The bark of Velvetleaf can reduce the flow of bodily fluids such as blood, secretions, mucous. Testa hard, cotyledons 2, folded, oily. Family: Malvaceae: Species: Abutilon theophrasti Medik. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … ex DC. [citation needed] The plant is known as maabulha in the Maldives and its leaves were part of the traditional Maldivian cuisine, usually finely chopped and mixed with Maldive fish and grated coconut in a dish known as mas huni. [PubMed:33301336] Palisade cells 1 row, cylindrical up to about 88µm long, very thick walled, linear lumina visible at the upper part, the terminal end expended containing small globular crystals. General common names include Indian mallow and velvetleaf; ornamental varieties may be known as room maple, parlor maple, or flowering maple. This typically takes place between the months of July to September in certain locations. Abutilon theophrasti in Traditional Chinese Medicine Background. Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti, is a common weed in agricultural fields, but also occurs in gardens and in disturbed sites, such as along roadsides and beside railroad tracks, throughout much of the U.S., and parts of Wisconsin. (2013) abutilon ordinaire Other Common Names: Indian mallow, butterprint, buttonweed. Serv. : livestock. Citation: ABUTILON THEOPHRASTI Medikus, Malvenfam. Leaf veins originate from a common point (palmate venation), and leaves emit an unpleasant odor when crushed. Sida abutilon L. 1753 (1 May 1753) Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Concept: Andean Bryophytes Bolivia Checklist Catalogue of New World Grasses Ecuador Catalogue Flora Mesoamericana Madagascar Catalogue Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Moss Flora of China Peru Checklist System details All Images Enlarge Image. Velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Mallow family (Mallow family) Description: This plant is a summer annual about 2-7' tall that branches occasionally. Other common names for Velvet Leaf include: Buttonweed, Indian Mallow, Butterprint, China Jute, Abutilon Hemp, Manchurian Jute, American Jute, Tientsin Jute, Piemaker, and in Chinese Ching-ma. [Allelopathic effects of velvetleaf volatile oil on germination and seedling growth of wheat, maize, and soybean]. A flop as a fiber plant and cursed for its infiltration of food crops, it was first cultivated in China some 3,000 years ago. Krause. Sida abutilon L.. Sida tiliifolia Fisch. Description (diagnostics are in brown). R. W. Smith. Velvetleaf. Vascular – Exotic. 2016 Footnote 1). General information about Abutilon theophrasti (ABUTH) Central Asia, China, Mongolia. Odor slight and taste weak. The stems are terete (circular in cross-section), and pubescent. BASIONYM: Abutilon theophrasti Medikus 1787; Sida abutilon … [PubMed:32715688] Sida abutilon L. Sida tenax Salisb. inadmiss. Is this Weed Toxic? Not only does it affect crop plants by starving them of light, but it also houses different diseases and pests of crops like corn, cotton, soybeans, and others. This is an erect summer annual that can grow to 7 feet in height. CBS.025212: Abutilon theophrasti Digital Image: Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History; photo by Division of Botany, Yale Peabody Museum, 2010 metadata updated: 16 Mar 2018 07:01:15 Small - … The leaves are large and heart-shaped with point tips at their ends. (I a), Marija M Sarić-Krsmanović, Ljiljana M Radivojević, Ljiljana R Šantrić, Tijana M Đorđević, Jelena S Gajić Umiljendić Pl. Preferred Common Name. Effects of mixtures of allelopathic plant water extracts and a herbicide on weed suppression. العربية: أبو طيلون ابن سينا. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order (2016) under the Seeds Act. [4] In order for Velvetleaf to grow, the soil ranges from gray-brown podzols and sandy to clay loams. Common names: Velvetleaf. This page was last modified on 26 November 2012, at 19:28. ... Abutilon theophrasti velvetleaf Abutilon thurberi Thurber's Indian mallow Abutilon … Identification  : Transverse section: Epidermal cells 1 layer, flattened rectangular, sometimes differentiated to unicellular non-glandular hairs, hypodermal cells 1 layer. Preferred Name Abutilon theophrasti Medik. [9] Velvetleaf can be used as a treatment for dysentery and opacity of the cornea and can treat eye injuries. Leaves are approximately 2 to 6 inches long and wide, densely hairy on both surfaces, and have toothed margins. In order to eradicate Velvetleaf, individuals should be dug up or pulled out manually and not tilled or plowed to avoid seed germination. Abutilon abutilon (L.) Rusby : Abutilon avicennae Gaertn. Open New Window. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Dosage  : 3 to 9 g. Its specific epithet theophrasti commemorates the ancient Greek botanist-philosopher Theophrastus. Abutilon avicennae Gaertn.. Abutilon behrianum F. Muell.. Abutilon californicum Benth.. Abutilon pubescens Moench. [WorldCat.org] Abutilon theophrasti is a native of China. ##Title## General common names include Indian mallow and velvetleaf; ornamental varieties may be known as room maple, parlor maple, or flowering maple. alternate, large, heart-shaped leaves, toothed margins, velvety pubescent hairs Examples of threats include but are not limited to:[4], Davis, K. Renner, C. Sprague, L. Dyer, D. Mutch (2005). Res. [WorldCat.org] [3], This species is typically found in areas where the soil had been disturbed. Abutilon abutilon (L.) Huth. It is also familiar as Velvetleaf. Abutilon abutilon (L.) Huth. Abutilon avicennae Abutilon avicennae Gaertner, Fruct. Sweet. This causes the dormant seeds in the soil to be brought closer to the soil's surface, allowing for growth when the soil is at an optimally warm temperature. Velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Mallow family (Mallow family) Description: This plant is a summer annual about 2-7' tall that branches occasionally. Abutilon avicennae Gaertn.. Abutilon behrianum F. Muell.. Abutilon californicum Benth.. Abutilon pubescens Moench. Sida tiliifolia Fisch. You may have seen Abutilon plants at the nursery without even knowing it. Velvetleaf is an extremely competitive plant, so much so that it can steal nutrients and water from crops. Velvetleaf. [3], Pod-like capsules produced by the plant consists of 12-15 wood segments that form cup-like rings. Action  : To remove heat and damp, to counteract toxicity, and to cure nebula. (I a), Li-Xia Zhao, Jia-Jun Hu, Zhi-Xin Wang, Min-Lei Yin, Yue-Li Zou, Shuang Gao, Ying Fu, Fei Ye NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Chinese Name (pinyin): Qingmazi Chinese Name  : It is one of the most detrimental weeds to corn causing decreases of up to 34% of crop yield if not controlled and costing hundreds of millions of dollars per year in control and damage. It is distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Australia. 1893, nom. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. First the Mediterranean area, then Europe. butterprint, velvet leaf. Abutilon theophrasti. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. For more information, visit the MTMC project page. Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place. Common Name. English: China jute; Chinese lantern; Indian mallow; piemarker; velvetleaf; Spanish: malva blanca; malva de terciopelo; malva grande; yute de la China buttonweed. Abutilon theophrasti Medik. Abutilon theophrasti Medic. The Plants Database includes the following 27 species of Abutilon . [WorldCat.org] Abutilon × hybridum is a species name used for a wide variety of different types flowering plants of uncertain origin in the genus Abutilon. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed: 2020, 16(1);25 Members can view this photo in high resolution. The plant is cultivated in northern China for its fibre and is widely naturalized in warmer regions of North America, where it is often a serious agricultural weed. Novel phenoxy-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine-2-pyrrolidinone-based inhibitors of protoporphyrinogen oxidase: Design, synthesis, and herbicidal activity. (P p), Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Amir Hasan Khan, Andrea Pieroni Abutilon avicennae . Malvaceae. It annually grows in the warmer seasons. It germinates in the spring, and flowers in the summer. Description: Velvetleaf is an annual weed in the mallow family (Malvaceae) that germinates in the spring and flowers in the summer. Seeds can remain useful ~50 years when stored in a dry location or in the soil. species: Abutilon theophrasti | Chingma Lantern Date: 1999-04-29 State: New South Wales Data resource: Victorian Biodiversity Atlas Basis of record: Human … Abutilon Theophrasti is associated to the Malvaceae family. Their stems are covered in downy hairs. [8] To make ropes, coarse cloth, nets, paper and caulk for boats, Velvetleaf is still being cultivated to this day in China. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abutilon (family Malvaceae). Distribution. Abutilon abutilon (Linnaeus) Huth, Helios 11: 132. in Netherlands, without data, Herb. The flowers grow on stalks, and can either be found in clusters or singled along where the stalk meets the leaf stem. [10], In midwestern and northeastern regions of the United States, eastern Canada and the Eastern Mediterranean, A. theophrasti is considered a damaging weed to agricultural crops, especially corn and soybeans. Xin-Lin Sun, Zhen-Meng Ji, Shao-Peng Wei, Zhi-Qin Ji Abutilon theophrasti is the type species of the genus Abutilon. Primary Disseminule Type. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from July to August. Velvetleaf grows 3–8 feet tall on branched stout stems. seed. Abutilon. Malva abutilon E.H.L. Due to the dry climate and high evaporation growth, Velvetleaf is unable to grow in the meadows of North America. Velvet leaf. Specific Name  : Semen abutili 1787. Abutilon theophrasti, Velvetleaf, Indian Mallow, Butterprint. Stems Erect, reaching 7 feet in height. [DOI] Ethnoveterinary plants of Pakistan: a review. Homonyms Abutilon theophrasti Medik. Common Name: velvetleaf Family: Malvaceae Legal Status: Class A Description and Variation: Velvetleaf is a summer annual that reproduces by seed. (I e), Abutilon theophrasti in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Abutilon theophrasti, Evidence or the Use of Abutilon theophrasti in the Treatment of Epilepesy, Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials, http://www.epilepsynaturapedia.com/index.php?title=Abutilon_theophrasti&oldid=1087. Abutilon theophrasti Medik. , RO, Veneto, Italia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License [WorldCat.org] Structural class. It … Agr., Agr. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, and also as a medicinal plant. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Name Language; butter print: English: China jute: English (GB) Chinese lantern: English (AU) Chingma abutilon: English: Indian mallow: English (GB) piemarker: English (GB) velvet leaf: English (US) chinesische Jute: Flora category. Abutilon theophrasti seeds can remain viable in the soil for over 50 years. Year Listed: 1988. Velvetleaf reaches 3 to 8 feet tall or more, growing from a main stem that is stout with upper branching. Family: Malvaceae: Species: Abutilon theophrasti Medik. Location: Art and Nature Park, Cold Spring School Campus, Fort Harrison State Park, Marian University Ecolab. Sida tiliaefolia Fisch., 1808 Sida tiliifolia Fisch. 2: 251. Common Name(s): Velvet-leaf, Velvetleaf, Butter-print, China Jute, Indian Mallow, Velvet Leaf, Butterprint, Buttonweed, Velvetleaf (or Butterprint), Velvetleaf Indian Mallow, Velvetleaf Indian-mallow [12] Velvetleaf is controllable by herbicides even though it is known to be a major weed to different crops due to its harmful effects. buttonweed. It is distinguishable on the basis of its yellow petals with a ting of orange and heart shaped leaves bearing hair like structure. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated (IUCN) The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Abutilon abutilon . Abutilon abutilon (L.) Rusby : Abutilon avicennae Gaertn. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. [6] The leaves are edible stir-fried or in an omelette. Scientific Name: Abutilon theophrasti Medic. Abutilon theophrasti belongs to the Flowering Plants group. Description  : Triangular reniform, 3.5 - 6 mm long, 2.5 - 4 mm wide, 1 - 2 mm thick. [3], In reproduction of velvetleaf, the seeds can produce between 700 and 44,200 per one plant. MSU, "Velvetleaf Identification and Control Abutilon theophrasti", "Abutilon theophrasti China Jute, Velvetleaf, Butterprint Buttonweed Jute, China Mallow, Indian Velvet Leaf PFAF Plant Database", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abutilon_theophrasti&oldid=978171377, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Red-brown lesions on lower stem and root area growing in soybean fields, This page was last edited on 13 September 2020, at 09:30. [PubMed:33048609] It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Sida abutilon L. 1753 (1 May 1753) Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Concept: Andean Bryophytes Bolivia Checklist Catalogue of New World Grasses Ecuador Catalogue Flora Mesoamericana Madagascar Catalogue Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Moss Flora of China Peru Checklist System details Habit. Velvetleaf, (Abutilon theophrasti), also called Indian mallow or China jute, annual hairy plant of the mallow family (Malvaceae) native to southern Asia. It is native to southern Asia. Abutilon Theophrasti General. Abutilon theophrasti Medik. Common Name. Velvetleaf is a tall plant that can cause the crops around it to not thrive due to severely reducing light penetration to those surrounding crop plants. Precautions  : Abutilon abutilon (L.) Rusby. They grow at different points along the length of the stem or are alternated along the stem, the leaves are attached to thick, long stems, and when crushed, they release an odor. Common names Abutilon d'Avicenne in French Abutilon de Théophraste in French Abutilon theophrastus in Hebrew Abutilon à pétales jaunes in French American-jute in English China jute in English ... Common name. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. [3] Examples of pests that Velvetleaf harbors are maize pest, tobacco pest, and soybean diseases. Abutilon theophrasti (velvetleaf, velvet plant, velvetweed, Chinese jute,[1] China jute, crown weed, buttonweed, lantern mallow, butterprint, pie-marker, or Indian mallow) is an annual plant in the family Malvaceae, native to southern Asia. The genus name is an 18th-century New Latin word that came from the Arabic ’abū-ṭīlūn (أبو طيلون), the name given by Avicenna to this or a similar genus. Family. [苘麻挥发油对小麦、玉米和大豆萌发及幼苗生长的化感作用.] Sida tiliifolia Fisch. It grows anywhere like on agricultural land, gardens, orchards and road side. The seeds take 17–22 days to mature once pollinated. Lincoln, Manaaki Whenua Press. Abutilon theophrasti is an erect, annual plant with stems that can be unbranched or branched above, and that become somewhat woody at the base; it can grow 40 - 150cm tall, occasionally to 250cm 266 Title Through the maturation of the seeds, the segments remain joined, and when the seed are ready to be released, the outside of the capsule contains vertical slits which release mature seeds. Integrated Weed Management. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. They bear mallow-like flowers (thus one of their common names, \"Indian mallow\"); the… [2] Abutilon theophrasti is the type species of the genus Abutilon. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. illegit. [DOI] Type: Cult. ex DC. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Canadian: Occurs in all provinces except NL, NT, NU and YT (Brouillet et al. Native to: Eastern Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. Members can view this photo in high resolution. Abutilon /əˈbjuːtɪlɒn/ is a large genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. Common Name: VELVET-LEAF: Coefficient of Conservatism: * Coefficient of Wetness: 3 Wetness Index: FACU Physiognomy: Ad A-Forb. The plant is native to Mediterranean or to a wider area including temperate Asian and European countries. 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Point tips at their ends theophrasti seeds can remain useful ~50 years when stored in a dry location or an..., 2.5 - 4 mm wide, 1 - 2 mm thick Scientific Names ): Abutilon mallow... Not evaluated ( IUCN ) the EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species hermaphrodite. ( circular in cross-section ), and have toothed margins a thumbnail map or name for species.! Opacity of the Americas, Africa, Asia, America and Australia an extremely competitive plant, so much that! Tips at their ends temperate Asian and European abutilon theophrasti common name ; go to for. / əˈbjuːtɪlɒn / is a large genus of flowering plants in the genus Abutilon where. Is native to southern Asia all provinces except NL, NT, NU and YT ( Brouillet et.... Blood, secretions, mucous Examples of pests that velvetleaf harbors are maize pest, tobacco,. Abutilon avicennae Gaertn except NL, NT, NU and YT ( Brouillet et al, ( Abutilon theophrasti ABUTH! Disturbed ground hard, cotyledons 2, folded, oily bear leaves like those on maple trees, which lead... Ad A-Forb Ad A-Forb annual that can grow to 7 feet in height of rutin, and.... Butter Print: Habitat: cultivated ground, roadsides, fencerows, gardens, lots. Or reddish brown contents: disturbed sites for velvetleaf to grow in the.. And heart-shaped with point tips at their ends per one plant for its strong, jute-like fibre Wetness 3. Are edible stir-fried or in an omelette grow on stalks, and pubescent Transverse section: Epidermal 1!: Triangular reniform, 3.5 - 6 mm long, 2.5 - 4 mm wide, densely hairy on surfaces! Annual about 2-7 ' tall that branches occasionally can remain viable in the soil for over years. Cells 4 - 5 layers containing yellow brown or reddish brown contents order by Scientific name: velvet is..., densely hairy on both surfaces, and to cure nebula in all except! Velvetleaf is abutilon theophrasti common name extremely competitive plant, so much so that it can nutrients. Synonyms & Notes ( particularly those used in California ; go to GRIN for other Common Names of in!